Primmer E., Jokinen P., Blicharska M. (2016) BESAFE Deliverable 2.3 Revised

Rob Tinch, Laurence Mathieu, John Haslett (2016) BESAFE Deliverable 5.2 Revised

Rob Bugter, Rob Tinch (2016) BESAFE Deliverable 5.3 Revised

Dedeurwaerdere T., Admiraal J., Beringer A., Bonaiuto F., Cicero L., Fernandez-Wulff P., Hagense J., Hiedanpää J., Knights P., Molinario E., Melindi-Ghidi P., Popa F., Šilc U., Soethe N., Soininen T., Vivero HL (2016) Combining internal and external motivations in multi-actor governance arrangements for biodiversity and ecosystem servicesEnvironmental Science & Policy 58: 1–10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1462901115301209

Rob Tinch, Laurence Mathieu, John Haslett () Synthesis report on the revised and tested framework, the toolkit and accompanying policy brief

Rob Bugter, Rob Tinch () Open access database and web tool

BESAFE partners () BESAFE Final publishable summary

Termansen, M; Andersen, AH., Jørgensen, SL. Primmer, E., Bredin, YK. Blicharska M, Garcia-Llorente M, Jääskeläinen T, Bela Gy, Berry P, Fabók V, Geamana N, Harrison PA, Haslett J. (2015) The value of Biodiversity: the academic disciplinary divideEcology and Society

Termansen, M. Levin, G.,Konrad, M. Hasler, B. (2015) Synergies and trade-offs in Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service policies – a catchment scale analysis

Bateman I., Harwood A., Mace G., Watson R., Abson D., Andrews B., Binner A., Crowe A., Day B., Dugdale S., Fezzi C., Foden J., Hadley D., Haines-Young R., Hulme M., Kontoleon A., A. Lovett, Munday P., Pascual U., Paterson J., Perino G., Sen A., Siriwardena G., Soest D., M. Termansen (2013) Bringing Ecosystem Services into Economic Decision-Making: Land Use in the United KingdomScience 341 (6141): 45-50 . http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6141/45

Kovacs E., Primmer E., Van Herzele A., Mertens C., Martinsen L., Bela G., Termansen M. (2015) Review of existing research on multilevel governance and scaling and transferring of values (Final Report Work Package 3, Task 3.1, BESAFE project)Report

Rinne, J., Primmer, E. (2015) A Case Study of Ecosystem Services in Urban Planning in Finland: Benefits, Rights and ResponsibilitiesJournal of Environmental Policy & Planning http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1523908X.2015.1076721#.VeQOtvmqpBd

Müller A., Maes J. (2015) Arguments for biodiversity conservation in Natura 2000 sites: An analysis based on LIFE projectsNature Conservation 12: 1-26. http://natureconservation.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=4848&display_type=list&element_type=9

Primmer, E., Bredin, Y.K., Termansen, M., Blicharska, M., Garcia-Llorente, M., Jääskeläinen, T., Bela, Gy., Berry, P., Fabók, V., Geamana, N., Harrison, P.A., Haslett, J., Cosor, G. (2015) My values meet others’ values: decision-maker views on biodiversity conservation argumentsEnvironmental Science and Policy

Bugter R., Harrison P. and others (2015) Editorial: Making a better case for biodiversity protection: introducing the BESAFE projectBiodiversity and Conservation

Bugter R. and others (2015) Argumentation for biodiversity protection in the European Union: Has something gone missing?Biodiversity and Conservation

Howard B., Bugter R., Braat L., Hails R. and Young J. (2015) Taking stock of the spectrum of arguments for biodiversityBiodiversity and Conservation

García-Llorente M., Harrison P., Berry P., Palomo I., Martín-López B., Iniesta-Arandia I., Gómez-Baggethun E., and del Amo DG. (2015) Ecosystem service integration within conservation policies in protected areasBiodiversity and Conservation

Haslett J., Garcia-Llorente M., Harrison P., Li S. and Berry P. (2015) Assessing interactions between biodiversity protection, ecosystem services and human well-being throughout the development of a marine tidal turbine Biodiversity and Conservation

Mathieu L. and Tinch R. (2015) Catchment management in the UK: The role of arguments for biodiversityBiodiversity and Conservation

Bogers M., Coninx I., Hendriks K. and Bugter R. (2015) In search of effective arguments: The case of Natura 2000 in the NetherlandsBiodiversity and Conservation

Heink U., Bela G., Jax K. and van Herzele A. (2015) Of xenophobes and pragmatists: Arguments on the evaluation of invasive alien speciesBiodiversity and Conservation

Geamănă N., Cosor G., Bucur M., Stanciu A. and Vădineanu A. (2015) Biodiversity conservation: from academic goal to practice. A case study of the small Island of Braila Natural Park, RomaniaBiodiversity and Conservation

Carmen E., Young J. and Watt A. (2015) Arguing for biodiversity in practiceBiodiversity and Conservation

Arquero E.R., Graves A., Tinch R. and S. Rocks (2015) Uses and abuses of economic arguments in the development and governance of synthetic biologyBiodiversity and Conservation

Dedeurwaerdere T. and others (2015) Governing with non-market motivations: From crowding out to inclusive nature conservationBiodiversity and Conservation

Blicharska M., Jokinen P., Primmer E. and others (2015) Arguments for biodiversity in policy cycles: A European perspectiveBiodiversity and Conservation

Mortelmans D., Carmen E., Blicharska M., Heink U., Jääskeläinen T., Bogers M. and Van Herzele A. (2015) Implementing the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020: A comparative study of arguments used in Member State policy documentsBiodiversity and Conservation

Berry P., García-Llorente M., Bredin Y., Bela G., Blicharska M., Cosor G., Fabók V., Geamănă N., Harrison P., Haslett J., Primmer E. and Termansen M. (2015) Why invest in biodiversity? A multi-national exploration of stakeholders views on the arguments for biodiversity conservationBiodiversity and Conservation

van Herzele A., Coninx I., Jokinen P., Tinch R., Blicharska M., Carmen E., Heink U., Geamănă N., Fabók V. (2015) Biodiversity governance in practice: How governance actors employ argumentative strategies to shape policy perspectives and decisionsBiodiversity and Conservation

Tinch R., Mathieu L., Haslett J. and others (2015) Evidence for potential and observed effectiveness of biodiversity argumentation Biodiversity and Conservation

Tinch R., Haslett J., Bugter R., Harrison P. et al. (2015) A framework for effective biodiversity argumentationBiodiversity and Conservation

Blicharska, M. & Grandin, U. (2015) Why protect biodiversity? Perspectives of conservation professionals in PolandInternational Journal of Biodiversity Science Ecosystem Services & Management http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21513732.2015.1050969#abstract

Blicharska M., Van Herzele A. (2015) What a forest? Whose forest? Struggles over concepts and meanings in the debate about the conservation of the Białowieża Forest in PolandForest Policy and Economics 57: 22–30. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1389934115000726

Bredin Y., Lindhjem H., van Dijk J., Linnell J.D.C. (2015) Mapping value plurality towards ecosystem services in the case of Norwegian wildlife management: A Q analysisEcological Economics 118: 198–206. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800915002967

García-Llorente M., Castro A.J., Quintas-Soriano C., López I., Castro H., Montes C., Martín-López B. (2016) The value of time in biological conservation and supplied ecosystem services: A willingness to give up time exerciseJournal of Arid Environments 124: 13-21. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140196315300136

Jax K., Heink U. (2015) Searching for the place of biodiversity in the ecosystem services discourseBiological Conservation 191: 198–205. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320715002554

Heink, U., Heubach, K., Jax, K., Kugel, C., Marquard, E., Neßhöver, C., Neumann, R., Paulsch, A., Tilch, S., Timaeus, J. and Vandewalle, M. (2015) Conceptualizing credibility, relevance and legitimacy for evaluating the effectiveness of science–policy interfaces: Challenges and opportunitiesScience and Public Policy http://spp.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2015/02/05/scipol.scu082.full.pdf+html

Primmer, E., Jokinen, P., Blicharska, M., Barton, D.N., Bugter, R., Potschin, M. (2015) Governance of Ecosystem Services: A framework for empirical analysisEcosystem Services http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212041615300012

Van Herzele A., Aarts N, Casaer J. (2015) Wildlife comeback in Flanders: tracing the fault lines and dynamics of public debateEuropean Journal of Wildlife Research http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10344-015-0925-5

Saarikoski, H., Jax, K., Harrison, P., Mononen, L., Primmer, E., Vihervaara, P., Barton, D., Furman, E. (2015) Appraising the cascade model to determine operational ecosystem service definitions: Case boreal forest in FinlandEcosystem Services

Borg, R., Toikka, A., Primmer, E. (2015) Social Capital and Governance: A social network analysis of forest biodiversity collaboration in Central FinlandForest Policy and Economics 50: 90-7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S138993411400118X

Makkonen, M., Huttunen, S., Primmer, E., Repo, A., Hildén, M. (2015) Policy coherence in climate change mitigation: an ecosystem service approach to forests as carbon sinks and bioenergy sourcesForest Policy and Economics 50: 153-162. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1389934114001518

Similä, J., Pölönen, I., Fredrikson, J., Primmer, E., Horne, P. (2014) Biodiversity Protection in Private Forests: An Analysis of Compliance Journal of Environmental Law 26 (1): 83-103. http://jel.oxfordjournals.org/content/26/1/83

Primmer, E., Paloniemi, R., Similä, J., Barton, D.N. (2013) Evolution in Finland's forest biodiversity conservation payments and the institutional constraints on establishing new policySociety & Natural Resources 26(10): 1137-1154. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08941920.2013.820814

Raitanen, E., Similä, J., Siikavirta, K., Primmer, E. (2013) Economic Instruments for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Conservation & the EU State Aid RegulationEuropean Environmental & Planning Law 10(1): 6-28. http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/10.1163/18760104-01001002

Paloniemi, R., Apostolopoulou, E., Primmer, E., Grodzinska-Jurczak, M., Henle, K., Ring, I., Kettunen, M., Tzanopoulos, J., Potts, S.G., van den Hove, S., Marty, P., McConville, A., Similä, J. (2012) Biodiversity conservation across scales: lessons from a science–policy dialogueNature Conservation 2: 7-19. http://natureconservation.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=1333

Rob Tinch, John Haslett, Rob Bugter, Marion Bogers (2014) WS2 evaluation of synthesis and arguments framework with stakeholder recommendations

Spangenberg, Joachim H., von Haaren, Christina, Settele, Josef (2014) The Ecosystem Service Cascade: further developing the metaphor. Integrating societal processes to accommodate social processes and planning, and the case of bioenergyEcological Economics 104: 22–32. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800914001426

von Haaren, Christina, Albert, Christian, Barkmann, Jan, de Groot, Rudolf S. Spangenberg, Joachim H., Schroter-Schlaack, Christoph, Hansjurgens, Bernd (2014) From explanation to application: introducing a practice-oriented ecosystem services evaluation (PRESET) model adapted to the context of landscape planning and managementLandscape Ecology 29 (8): 1335-1346. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10980-014-0084-1

Edited by:Sander Jacobs, Nicolas Dendoncker and Hans Keune (2014) Ecosystem ServicesGlobal Issues, Local Practices.
ISBN: 978-0-12-419964-4

Iniesta-Arandia I., García-Llorente M., Aguilera P., Montes C., Martín-López B. (2014) Socio-cultural valuation of ecosystem services: uncovering the links between values, drivers of change, and human well-beingEcological Economics 108: 36–48. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800914002997

Herzele A.V., Coninx I., Mortelmans D., Young J., Bela G., Heink U., Carmen E., Blicharska M., Hendriks K., Bogers M., Jokinen P., Geamana N., Bucur M., Cosor G., Maes J., Müller A., Fabok V., Kopperoinen L., Primmer E., Bugter R (2014) Final report synthesising the analysis of argumentation in multi-level governance interactions in case studies

Pensoft, Alterra, NINA (2013) Communication and Dissemination Strategy

Bugter R. (2014) WS1 evaluation of methodology, protocols and case studies, with stakeholder recommendations

Primmer E., Jokinen P., Blicharska M. (2014) Final report synthesizing the analysis on effectiveness in case studies

Harrison P.A., Termansen M. and A.C. Smith (2014) Final report on relationships between biodiversity, ecosystem services and values in case studiesIntroduction to, and synthesis of, Parts I, II and III.


P.A. Harrison, M. Termansen, P.M. Berry, M. Blicharska, U. Brandweiner, M. Bucur, R. Dunford, B. Egoh, N. Geamănă, W. Geertsema, J.R. Haslett, H. Lindhjelm, E. Lommelen, L. Martinsen, L. Mathieu, L. Meiresonne, F. Møller, C. Polce, P. Rajapakshe, J. Smart, G. Simpson, R. Tinch and F. Turkelboom (2014) Final report on relationships between biodiversity, ecosystem services and values in case studies, PART I: Literature review of the relationships between biodiversity, ecosystem services and valuesPART I: Literature review of the relationships between biodiversity, ecosystem services and values.


M. Termansen, P.A. Harrison, P.M. Berry, E. Primmer, A.H. Andersen, M. Blicharska, Y.K. Bredin, M. Bucur, G. Cosor, V.M.M. de Neergaard, V.M. Fabók, M. García-Llorente, N. Geamănă, J.R. Haslett, T. Jääskeläinen, A. Stanciu and C.N. Thisted (2014) Final report on relationships between biodiversity, ecosystem services and values in case studies, Part II: Q study of heterogeneous perceptions of the relationships between biodiversity, ecosystem services and values in national case studies

P.A. Harrison, M. Termansen, M. García-Llorente, P.M. Berry, Y.K. Bredin, M. Bucur, G. Cosor, D. García del Amo, N. Geamănă, E. Gomez Baggethun, L. Gónzalez, J.R. Haslett, I. Iniesta-Arandia, S. Li, H. Lindhjem, J.D. Linnell, B. Martín-Lopez, L. Mathieu, I. Palomo, A.C. Smith, R. Tinch and A. Vadineanu (2014) Final report on relationships between biodiversity, ecosystem services and values in case studies, Part III: Analysing the relationships between biodiversity, ecosystem services and values in local case studies

Primmer E., Paloniemi R., Similä J., Tainio A. (2014) Forest owner perceptions of institutions and voluntary contracting for biodiversity conservation: Not crowding out but staying outEcological Economics 103: 1–10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921800914001177

Hiedanpää, Juha & Bromley, Daniel W. (2014) Payments for Ecosystem Services: Durable Habits, Dubious Nudges, Doubtful EfficacyJournal of Institutional Economics 10 (2): 175-195. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9245219&fileId=S1744137413000428#

A. J. Castro Martínez, M. García-Llorente, B. Martín-López, I. Palomo, and I. Iniesta-Arandia (2013) Multidimensional Approaches in Ecosystem Services AssessmentEarth Observation of Ecosystem Services Chapter 20: 441 -468 . http://www.crcnetbase.com/doi/abs/10.1201/b15628-27

John Gerring (2004) What Is a Case Study and What Is It Good for?American Political Science Review Vol. 98, No. 2 : 341-354.

Kathleen M. Eisenhardt (1989) Building Theories from Case Study ResearchThe Academy of Management Review Vol. 14, No. 4: 532-550.

Mary M. Kennedy (1979 ) Generalizing From Single Case StudiesEVALUATION QUARTERLY Vol 3 No 4: 661-678.

Gary Thomas () A Typology for the Case Study in Social Science Following a Review of Definition, Discourse, and StructureQualitative Inquiry 17(6) : 511– 521.

Bent Flyvbjerg (2011) Case StudyNorman K. Denzin and Yvonna S. Lincoln, eds., The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research, 4th Edition (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2011) Chapter 17: 301-316.

Bent Flyvbjerg (2006) Five Misunderstandings About Case-Study ResearchQualitative Inquiry Volume 12 Number 2 : 219-245.

Mary S. Morgan (2012) Case Studies: One Observation or Many? Justification or Discovery?Philosophy of Science Vol. 79, No. 5: 667-677.

Sharon Crasnow (2012) The Role of Case Study Research in Political Science: Evidence for Causal ClaimsPhilosophy of Science Vol. 79, No. 5: 655-666.

Robert E. Stake (2005) Qualitative case studiesHandbook of qualitative research, Chapter 17 443-466.

Henle K, Potts S, Kunin W, Matsinos Y, Simila J, Pantis J, Grobelnik V, Penev L, Settele J (Eds) (2014) Scaling in Ecology and Biodiversity Conservationhttp://ab.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=1169&display_type=list&element_type=9

Hiedanpää J, Borgström S (2014) Why do some institutional arrangements succeed? Voluntary protection of forest biodiversity in Southwestern Finland and of the Golden Eagle in Finnish LaplandNature Conservation 7: 29–50. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/natureconservation/article/6497/why-do-some-institutional-arrangements-succeed-voluntary-protection-of-forest-biodiversity-in%C2%A0southwestern-finland-and-

Bogers M., Bugter R., Haslett J. & Tinch R. (2014) Report of the second stakeholder workshop

Cristina Quintas-Soriano, Antonio J. Castro, Marina García-Llorente, Javier Cabello, Hermelindo Castro (2014) From supply to social demand: a landscape-scale analysis of the water regulation serviceLandscape Ecology 29 (6): 1069-1082. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10980-014-0032-0

P.A. Harrison, P.M. Berry, G. Simpson, J.R. Haslett, M. Blicharska, M. Bucur, R. Dunford, B. Egoh , M. Garcia-Llorente, N. Geamănă, W. Geertsema, E. Lommelen, L. Meiresonne and F. Turkelboom (2014) Linkages between biodiversity attributes and ecosystem services: A systematic reviewEcosystem Services 9: 191–203. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212041614000576

David Metz, Fairbank, Maslin, Maullin, Metz and Associates (2013) Language of Conservation Memo

Howard, B.M.; Braat, L.; Bugter, R., Young, J.C. and Hails, R.H. (2013) Report on the classification of arguments and the provisional framework

Wilkinson, C., T. Saarne, G. D. Peterson, and J. Colding (2013) Strategic spatial planning and the ecosystem services concept – an historical explorationEcology and Society 18(1): 37. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol18/iss1/art37/

Santos-Martı´n F. Martı´n-Lo´pez B., Garcı´a-Llorente M., Aguado M., Benayas J., Montes C. (2013) Unraveling the Relationships between Ecosystems and Human Wellbeing in SpainPLoS ONE 8(9): e73249. http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0073249

Primmer E., Paloniemi R., Similä J., Barton D. (2013) Evolution in Finland's Forest Biodiversity Conservation Payments and the Institutional Constraints on Establishing New PolicySociety & Natural Resources: An International Journal 26 (10): 1137-1154. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08941920.2013.820814#.VCugrPmSzmc

Blicharska M., Jokinen P. (2012) Report on the selection of case studies

J. Maes, M.L. Paracchini, G. Zulian, M.B. Dunbar, R. Alkemade (2012) Synergies and trade-offs between ecosystem service supply, biodiversity, and habitat conservation status in EuropeBiological Conservation 155: 1-12. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320712002856

Sandra Díaza, Fabien Quétiera, Daniel M. Cáceresb, Sarah F. Trainorc, Natalia Pérez-Harguindeguya, M. Syndonia Bret-Harted, Bryan Finegane, Marielos Peña-Clarosf, and Lourens Poorterg (2011) Linking functional diversity and social actor strategies in a framework for interdisciplinary analysis of nature's benefits to societyPNAS 108 (3): 895-902. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2011/01/06/1017993108

Jouni Paavola, Andrew Gouldson, Tatiana Kluvánková-Oravská (2009) Interplay of actors, scales, frameworks and regimes in the governance of biodiversityEnvironmental Policy and Governance Special Issue: European Governance of natural resources: participation in a multi-level context 19 (3): 148–158. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eet.505/abstract

Joachim Maes, Jennifer Hauck, Maria Luisa Paracchini, Outi Ratamäki, Mette Termansen, Marta Perez-Soba, Leena Kopperoinen, Katri Rankinen, Jan Philipp Schägner, Peter Henrys, Iwona Cisowska, Marianne Zandersen, Kurt Jax, Alessandra La Notte, Niko Leikola, Eija Pouta, Simon Smart, Berit Hasler, Tuija Lankia, Hans Estrup Andersen, Carlo Lavalle, Tommer Vermaas, Mohammed Hussen Alemu, Paul Scholefi eld, Filipe Batista, Richard Pywell, Mike Hutchins, Morten Blemmer, Anders Fonnesbech-Wulff, Adam J. Vanbergen, Bernd Münier, Claudia Baranzelli, David Roy, Vincent Thieu, Grazia Zulian, Mikko Kuussaari, Hans Thodsen, Eeva-Liisa Alanen, Benis Egoh, Peter Borgen Sørensen, Leon Braat, Giovanni Bidoglio (2012) A spatial assessment of ecosystem services in Europe: Methods, case studies and policy analysis -phase 2 Synthesis report.
. PEER Report 4: http://www.peer.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/publications/PEER_report_4_phase_2.pdf

Daniel P. Faith (2012) Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Similar but DifferentBioScience 62/9: 785. http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/bio.2012.62.9.17

Reyers, B., Polasky, S., Tallis, H., Mooney, H.A., Larigauderie A. (2012) The Common Ground of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Demonstrated: A Response to FaithBioScience 62/9: 786. http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/bio.2012.62.9.18

Pensoft (2012) BESAFE websitehttp://www.besafe-project.net/

Reyers, B., Polasky, S., Tallis, H., Mooney, H.A. and Larigauderie, A. (2012) Finding common ground for biodiversity and ecosystem servicesBioScience 62(5): 503-507. http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/bio.2012.62.5.12

Martín-Lópeza B., Gómez-Baggethun E., García-Llorente M., Montesa C. (2014) Trade-offs across value-domains in ecosystem services assessmentEcological Indicators 37 ( Part A): 220-228. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X1300109X